Month: March 2012

The Form

They had a collection of models for copper casting. In the manufacture of a samovar were involved in various working specialties. 1.Navodilschik – bent copper sheet, solder it and fabricate the appropriate form. During the week he could affectedly 6.8 units of blanks (depending on the form). 2.Ludilschik – covering the inside of the samovar tin. Do 60-100 pieces day. 3.Tokar – sharpened on the machine and polished samovar (the worker who turned the machine and helped turner – called vertelschik).

Turner could carved on the day of 08.12 units. 4.Slesar – making pens, cranes, etc. (Pens – to 3.6 samovars per day). 5.Sborschik – from all parts assembled a samovar, soldered faucets, etc. A week to do up to 20 samovars. 6.Chistilschik – clears the samovar (up to 10 pieces a day). 7.Tokar on wood – produced wooden bumps to covers and knobs (per day – up to 400-600 units). Carding production samovar was lengthy.

Masters of the villages were made parts of the samovar, brought them to the factory. At the same factories was assembling and finishing a samovar. It is known that entire villages were engaged in manufacturing samovar parts. The work was conducted in a residential cottages all year round except for summer time, this time conducted the field work. Samovar doing crafts and whole families, and single-handedly. Samovars and their parts were manufactured not only in Thule, but also in the surrounding villages within a radius of about 40km from the city. Samovar manufacture started with the selection of material.

Beautiful Legend

As the chronicler once mighty Shah Jehan, the ruler of the Mughal dynasty that ruled India in the mid xyii century, came the thought that a huge amount of jewelry available in its treasury, best used for the construction of the throne. By imperial order to work the best artists were involved. Seven years later, the throne was ready. Its coated with enamel and diamonds, thickly strewn with sapphires, emeralds, agates. Over back were pictures of two jeweled peacock, and between them – a tree with leaves of jewels, diamonds, emeralds and pearls. According to the French jeweler Tavernier, who happens to see the throne in xyii mid-century, it is worth at least a million pounds. A century later, the Persian ruler Nadir Shah of Kabul sent a chapter in India's Mughal Mohamed Shah ultimatum, which were the words: 'I came to take also from India Persia, the famous Mughal throne.

" A few weeks later at the Punjab plain, the battle was fought, from which emerged the winners of the Persians. Throne, among other treasures went to Nadir Shah and stayed with him until the death in battle with Kurds. After that, according to one testimony, the throne was defeated by the winners apart. But other records reported that the Kurds captured no 'Peacock Throne', and his skilful imitation. The original is left untouched. And it was he who in the late xyii century into the hands of the British, who decided to forward it to London. In the strictest secrecy throne was brought to Bombay, where he was transported to the sailboat 'Grousviner' that the next day left the port.

Post Caliber

Fire on the British battleships continued to feed the tower of the main fire guns 'Caesar' and 'Dora' (D), as well as tools auxiliary gauge. At 09:13 large-caliber armor-piercing projectiles 'Bismarck' was almost struck by 'King George'. This seemed to happen during the next volley, but at the same moment a shell destroyed the stern English team Post artillery, together with spotter Lieutenant Myullenheymom-Rehbergom. Coarse guns left to fire on their own. At 09:21 on fire on the British 'Bismarck' in the right cannon towers 'Dora' detonated bomb, and she went failure. At 09:27, it would seem, lost towers 'Anton' and 'Bruno' make the last shots in the history of the 'Bismarck'. After 4 minutes of action leaves the tower 'Caesar' – the last tower of the main caliber guns.

The fire was continued guns auxiliary fire, but under fire from British ships, they, one after another, out of order. At this time, the commander of Lindemann ordered to abandon ship. British ships of all cutting the distance from the 'Bismarck', 'Rodney' went to 2500 m. The fire has reached such enormous power that the towers 'Bruno' shot off the rear armor plate, and it caught fire. At 9:56 of the torpedo 'Rodney' flew torpedo and hit the left side 'Bismarck'. At 10:00 am followed by a torpedo attack from the 'Norfolk'. On board the German battleship in the sea jumping sailors, all the guns were disabled, aviaangar was destroyed, the smokestack was riddled, and the whole deck was . Nevertheless, despite more than an hour unbelievable fire power, 'Bismarck' was not sunk.

At 10:16 battleship 'Rodney' was released from the battlefield, and not reaching the goal – the ship is almost finished fuel. The last attack on the 'Bismarck' began at 10:20 am: British heavy cruiser 'Dorsetshire' gives a volley of two torpedo (533 mm), and both hit the German battleship. After this 'Dorsetshire' goes on a turn and attacks the 'Bismarck' from the left side. After the torpedo hit 'Bismarck' began to sink with a roll to the left. Guns on the port side had gone under water, and at 10:39 'Bismarck', turning over the keel up, sank under incessant fire of the British. As you dive to the bottom of the battleship lost main gun turrets, and massive deck superstructure, after which he once again turned over and plunged already decked up. Upon reaching the bottom, 'Bismarck' at high speed crashed into an extinct underwater volcano. From the hull battleship blown off 10 meters aft. After that, the deceased 'Bismarck' bellies fell on the surface of the slope, crawled along the bottom about two miles and stopped forever in the waters of the Atlantic about 600 miles from Brest During the battle with the British fleet on 'Bismarck' was released: 380 406 mm caliber shells from the battleship 'Rodney', 339 356 mm caliber shells from the battleship 'King George', 527 rounds of caliber 203 mm with a heavy cruiser 'Norfolk', 254 rounds of caliber 203 mm with a heavy cruiser "Dorsetshire", 716 152 mm caliber shells from the battleship 'Rodney', 660 rounds of caliber 133 mm from the battleship 'King George '. Despite such unthinkable for one vehicle numbers, while underwater exploration of the remains of 'Bismarck' in 1985, found no damage to the hull, which threatened him drowning. Most likely, May 27, 1941, at approximately 10:36, the German battleship sailors opened Kingston, and 'Bismarck' has left the marine abyss, taking with him the life of Admiral Gunther Lyutensa and nearly two thousand of his officers and men