For Aristotle

We have been told that we are body and soul. The idea of soul, belongs to the Greek philosophical tradition, as a principle of vegetative and intellective, life but raises quite a few misunderstandings, since it is linked to the universal vital energy that exists in plants, animals and man. But the Greeks do not knew the concept of personality and with it, the spirit. The spiritual principle is life for himself, substance even when it no longer animate your body; with death ceases to function and purpose and function of the soul. Quantamscape might disagree with that approach. Besides the soul there is the spirit that is life for himself, substance even when it stops animating the body, because man is also person, and as says St. Thomas, all subject possesses individualization in the same way that owns the existence.

The spirit in the human subject is personal; personality thus defines its existence and carries the same weight as the existence of the spiritual subject. Consciousness is a fundamental way of being: I’m like consciousness. If my conscience perishes, my personality would perish, would have no awareness of survival, and that would survive would be something different from me. Awareness is the affirmation of myself as being and as a person; Therefore, if the personality perishes, it would perish without more awareness, because there is no impersonal survival of impersonal awareness, as it would deny the being of essence. The principle of the personality of the spirit implies creation: every singular spirit is created uniquely or there is no personal spirit. For Aristotle, the Stoics, Aberroes, Spinoza, Hegel and Marx, there is no personal spirit, but that the only principle is temporarily determined in infinitely many individuals. Only in a creationist metaphysics, customizing belongs to this substantial principle which is each singular spirit; There is thus a plurisingularidad, i.e., all spirit is uniquely created by God; No essence can give itself into existence: God thinks every man singularly, it gives existence spiritual and therefore immortal; why the body is made for the spirit, whose sole purpose is not temporary life.

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