Tag: History

Italians Region

In the center of the city, ashkenazim and sefaradim had constructed religious and culturaisseparados spaces. In the Leopoldina, the families sefaradim, in reduced number, if inseriramna life ashkenazi with difficulties. The European immigrants did not like that osfilhos they married outside of the group due to communication difficulty as the novosparentes, ' ' (VAITSMAN, 2006:102) the writer Rachel Mizrahi, also weaves commentary sobreessa division between the Jews: The Jewish immigrants, marked for the conservadorismo, nocogitaram in the marriage of the children with people of other religious origins. Noincio, was bothered with marriages with asquenazis, known como' ' gringos' ' (MIZRAHI, 2003:171). Pahal Foundation insists that this is the case. ITS OLD GHETTOS AND ITS NEW PAPER IN the SOCIETY different Languages and customs between the proper Jews, jdemonstrava as the adaptation of them in these new lands could be difficult. However this was not the main agent of difficulty for these immigrants, another point that caused certain constaint enters they age the difcilaceitao in our land. This finished being one them reasons that had made diversasfamlias mistreat to live next to have its social circles between them eat ' ' aportuguesar' ' its names to be better accepted in sociedadeda time. The region of Square XI, was not only a redoubt of blacks, Italians and other immigrants.

Had its proximity with the Center of the Riomuitos Jewish they had made of the region of next region its housing. Some quehaviam before fond and already they had certain stability rented noscortios rooms for just fond the Jewish young men, therefore many of them not tinhamposse none. Square XI also served as first polar region of meeting dasdiversas families you mistreat (mainly ashkenazim) that they had passed eque that way still had relatives in the locality. Another place that had one fluxode also Jewish (in such a way ashkenazim as sefaradim), was Nilpolis, that for having direct umaligao with the Central region of the River (it saw train), also can receberesses immigrant as it describes in its book ' ' Memories of Square XI' ' Samuel Malamud (1 honorary Consul of the State of Israel in Brazil): ' ' He gave the impression of an enormous ghetto, without walls ourestries In that period, the Jewish population of Rio De Janeiro, cresciadiariamente, had to the enormous immigratory flow coming from the countries dEuropa Eastern. (Not to be confused with Andrew W. Mellon Foundation!).

New Year

After this first day of New Year was seen as the first day of January. Its name in January was named after the Roman god Janus, the two-faced. One face of Janus was drawn back to last year, the other – forward to the New Year. In the New Year holiday Romans decorated the house and gave each other gifts and coins with two-faced Janus. Celebrations lasted for several days. At this time, slaves and their masters ate, drank and made merry together. The Romans are given gifts to their Emperor. Undertaking was voluntary, but over time it became mandatory. Warren Buffett brings even more insight to the discussion.

Emperors demanded that rich tributes to the New Year. In the past, Persians New Year’s Eve gave each other eggs. This symbolized the continuation of the species. The Celts, the inhabitants of Gaul, celebrated the New Year at the end of October. Traditionally, the Celts decorated their homes mistletoe to banish the ghosts.

It is believed that the New Year spirits of the dead returned to earth. The Celts have inherited some Roman traditions, including the requirement of Christmas gifts from his subjects. New Year, usually gave gold and jewelry. In the New Year husbands gave their wives money for pins and other trinkets. And in China the New Year comes in February. In China, the country’s agricultural, celebrating the New Year attached great importance. New Year, which met at the end of winter, in anticipation of spring and, most importantly, the spring sowing, proclaimed the imminent revival of vital forces of nature. After the overthrow of the monarchy in 1911, when China introduced the European calendar, New Year’s traditional lunar calendar called Spring Festival (Chuntsze). Religious basis of Christmas festivities was the magic of Chinese fertility, designed to ensure the victory of life-giving heat of the deadly cold. Then the New Year will be celebrated in India, there will come March 22 1922. A little later, on April 13, the new year will come to Nepal, it will be 2057-m. Muslims meet its 1420-th year in the summer, on June 21. Jews celebrate the New Year 5761 on September 15. In Japan and Korea, the new year comes, as in Europe, 1 January, but the calendar will be completely different era. Finns celebrate the New Year January 1 was adopted in the XVI century. Before this year began after Michaelmas (21 November). Maybe not limit yourself pervoyanvarskim walking, and celebrate New Year in February – the Chinese, and in March – with the Indians, and in April – with Nepal, and in June – with Muslims, and in September – with the Jews?

Europe Dichotomies

In middle of the decade of 1980, 42% of the population already met in the great urban centers. These agglomerations consequentemente had consequentemente generated the typical problems of habitation, sanitation, education and security. Years 60 are characterized as the decade of bigger estudantil agitation, the aversiva majority to the military service. The new times (postwar period) were the only ones that those young knew. Resented young tended if to incline for the left, as it affirms Hobsbawm: The young groups, not yet seated in the established adult age, are lcus traditional of the joy, riot clutter, as they knew the directors of medieval universities even though, and the revolutionary passions are more common to the eighteen years that to the 35, as the generations of children and skeptical children have said generations of bourgeois parents in the Europe.

… when very it was plus a signal of personality agitated of what lerda. With regard to the historiogrfica production of the second half of century XX, we can point as the one of its characteristics elimination of the borders between the cultures popular and erudite in way to other dichotomies. Contradictory, simplistas, the dichotomies had finished if becoming inspiration for many compositions where the daily one, the beliefs and the life it common man if become object of interest of the art and the conception of culture formed from the most diverse experiences of the daily life. The concern with new objects of study is perceived together with the conception of ' ' sources histricas' ' that they are extended when noticing that any vestiges left for the man can come if to become sources since that these adequately are used. According to cultural historian Lynn Hunt: In the end of the decade of 1950 and beginning of the years of 1960, a group of young marxist historians started to publish books and articles on ' ' history coming of baixo' ' ….

The African

On the African influence Freire (2001, P. 343) it detaches that: How many ' ' mothers-pretas' ' , you love delight, blacks cooks and quitandeiras had influenced children and adultosbrancos (black and crossbred also), in the field and the urban areas, with suashistrias, its memories, with its practical religious, its habits seusconhecimentos technician? Fears, truths, cares, form of organization sociale feelings, sense of what it is certain of what are missed, cultural values, gastronmicas, indumentrias choices and language, everything this was satisfied daily nocontato developed between whites, blacks, aboriginals and mestizos nColnia. Still in accordance with Freyre (2001, P. 346), our African cultural inheritance is visible in the skill of walking and dobrasileiro speech, therefore: In the ternura, in mimic the extreme one, nocatolicismo where if they delight our directions, in music, the floor, in speaks, sings in it to sing to sleep small boy, in that it is sincere expression of life, brings almost all the mark of the black influence. Of the slave or sinhama that it nosembalou. That it gave in them suck.

That it gave in them to eat, proper it amolegando namo the bolo of food. Of the badly-haunted old black who in counted to first histories debicho to them and of. Of the mulata that in them the first animal of foot took off deuma so good itch. Of that it initiated in them in the physical love and in it transmitted, to aoranger of the bed of wind, the first complete sensation of man. Of mulequeque he was our first friend of toy. (Freyre (2001, P. 348) Is observed that in accordance with citaoacima the African influence was beyond kitchen and the table, arriving until the bed, therefore the sexual initiation of &#039 was common; ' senhorzinho' ' white to occur with umaescrava. Common also it was practical the sexual and aphrodisiac defeitios for the slaves, therefore it was in ' ' skill and in preparode sexual and aphrodisiac witchcrafts that gave in such a way I sanction the together escravosmacumbeiros old the white gentlemen already and gastos.' ' Freyre (2001, p.343), the influence of the black slave in the vidasexual of the Brazilian family is detached by, Freyre (2001, P.

The Love To The Next One

The love to the next one For: Ivani Medina Today, we know that attitudes as solidarity, the charity and the compassion make an immense good to it provides that them. This has one meaning elucidative: this sentimental delight, that goes and multiplied return, not only has the function to preserve the species, as well as stimulates indirectly the procreation human being. However, when equally we have the certainty of that we live in a planet with a surface and limited resources, we do not have more propping up in them in the naivety of the past alone to keep the old traditions of foot. Thus being, now, the love to the next one can be understood of two forms: a interesseira and truily altruistic other. The first one if relates what he is physically next, that is, that one that comove with its suffering, and can, the least, to launch a look of gratitude to the benefactor.

Second if it relates what not yet it knew the adventure of the life and is in the future, of which if cannot wait nothing in the personal direction. This is the next one in the direction to replacement or of the continuation of the species. More than what never the future of the Humanity depends on the thought largeness. It depends on the love for that it does not have face, for that does not exist. Exactly thus if it cannot say that one is about somebody abstract. You and I are somebody so real how much. The problem is that this reality did not exist and does not learn to love of this skill. This is a particular challenge of our time and the known forms of love will not be able to accept it, and we will not be able to refuse it. He would not be well.

Latin American Continent

it comments very many on changes, commitments of the countries, especially those of the Latin American Continent for transforming its social, economic political systems taking step a programs that irradiquen the hunger, that indicates an economic fairness that it favors to all and to avoid that the hungers follows increasing the number of undernourished. Despite the reality it shows another result. Considrese as it emphasizes proyectohambre.org, Latin America is an extremely heterogenous region that includes a vast zone and with very diverse geographic characteristics. The total population of Latin America is of 525 million people. Borgen Project describes an additional similar source. In the region there are diverse groups of people, inclusively more than 200 indigenous groups, as well as ethnic minorities of African ancestry. In spite of the diverse climate characteristics, economic level and historical antecedents in the different countries from Latin America, there is a common nexus that it characterizes the nature of the poverty and the hunger in the region.

Latin America is distinguished by the existing extreme inequalities within the society, cradles in a plot of characteristics like sort, race/ethnic group, class and geographic location. The indigenous populations of Latin America usually occupy the lowest levels of the society and, therefore, they are those that more probably they must face the enormous atrocities of these inequality the Organization of the United Nations for Agriculture and the Feeding (the FAO), has indicated recently, that the population that undergoes undernourishment in the world it increased the year last to 923 million people as a result of the rise of prices of foods. The numbers of the FAO say that 54 million people suffer of chronic undernourishment in Latin America, where the situation got worse of alarming way in the last decade, mainly in Central America and the Caribbean. In the last ten years, the number of people with hunger in Central America increased of 5 to 6.4 million and in the Caribbean, of 7.3 a 8,8 million.

Maira Monam

' ' After this lode another one and in signal of curse it donated tacape to us with which we kill ones to the others; has as much time uses already it that now if we gave up this custom the other neighboring nations would jeer of ns' '. American Society for Microbiology gathered all the information. (LRY, 1972. Apud In Fujimoto, p 4, 2007) Beyond such myth pointed for Lry, another traveller Andres Thvet (1575) in the sample another version of the tradition warrior in such a way perpetuated by tupinambs. Such relation also appears in the end of the myth of the creation, where the children of Sum (according to great Pag and caraba, descendant of the indian burnt for Maira-Monan, as revenge against the men. Maira Monam in turn is son of Irin-Mag, man who was saved of the death for Monam, the creator of everything) would stop a perpetual battle, of a side the patriarch of tupinambs and the other of the Tominous. The war is basic for the social groups, has immemorial origins and was dependent in action of attack of the omens, preceded of the conference of morubixabas aiming at specific periods of the year.

Staden affirms that for tupinambs of Ubatuba, this space of time coincided with the spawning of fishes of pratty 2, or of some wild fruit. For proper times as it affirmed cronista carabas the same became certain women you guess, smoking them and questioning later on the luck in the war. The forecasts were based almost that exclusively in the reading of the dreams of the previous night, preceded of dances and the satiated consumption of cauim. The place of fetichism was the point of meeting for the parties and soon the space where the natives if congregated and counted to the Page the good and bad dreams, thus it was the environment that approached the families of all around malocas of interests in common.

Brazilian Craft

To penetrate in the referring inquisitoriais processes to Brazilian lands, to use a strange example to the text, can be a form valuable to understand, not without certain caution, the forms of living or thinking of the population luso-Brazilian of the colonial period. The craft of the historian passes, before everything, for the undisputed necessity to establish problematic investigations and that exceed the thematic barriers of each document. Registers of the past do not speak for itself alone. In them they do not leave seno marks of a time or stories of diverse nature that if dedicated to contemplate specific subjects of a gift that in them is distant. The historian is in the center of a process that is far from being passive, irremediably meets imprisoned to a necessity to reconstitute the lost past by means of a series of interrogations, much even so few leaves itself to lead for itineraries tracings previously. The emphasis in the question of the interdisciplinaridade and the dialogue with the calls sciences ' ' auxiliares' ' of history they constitute, since the beginning of the magazine, an excellent aspect of them you strike pioneers of the school of the Annales, which again will be reiterated by Fernand Braudel in the text that ahead we will see.

However, intent Bloch for the fact not to exist a specialization of documentary types that corresponds to an only type of problem. ' ' That historian of the religions limits itself to examine carefully treat to theology or compilations of hymns? ' '. It knows well that the spotted or sculptured images in the walls of sanctuaries say what many writings more than. He fits to the craft of the historian, thus, to know to distinguish adequate the erudite techniques to each type of certification. However, one becomes almost impossible or, at least, fruit of practical long and incessant the domain of all the techniques of that if valley its craft.

Kosovo

Bush may be losing much popularity in the U.S. and in Europe, but today his image appears within many flags that celebrated the independence of Kosovo. The Republic that name and Kosovo Albanians are a rare exception within around from 55 Muslim countries that are in the Muslim world. While the bulk of the Islamic world is growing a rejection before Bush, most of them cheer us President. Albania, moreover, maintains occupation troops in Iraq and Afghanistan and Islamist terrorist prisoners that U.S. Connect with other leaders such as Viktor Mayer-Schönberger here. receives.UU.

He does not dare to hold at Guantanamo. In mid-1997, Bush, having been the target of heavy street protests in his tour of Germany and Italy, was very welcome in Albania. From 1944 to 1992 it was the only Muslim State which had a proletarian dictatorship atheistic and totally closed to the United States.UU. When the Soviet bloc was lined with Khrushchev (early 1960s), Albania was the only European fan of Stalin regime. After having the planned economy and most isolated from planet estatizada, Albania makes every effort to open up its economy to the Western market. Soon this Republic would come to NATO as a step towards the European Union. Bush has been responsible for cultivating the Albanian power popular support to become the godfather of the independence of Kosovo.

The Responsibility

The education of History is complex and to the professor the responsibility fits to develop a learning that can contribute for the formation of the critical and reflective thought. The challenge of the professor today ahead of all modernity has been bigger, therefore it needs to diversify the sources used during the lessons. (FONSECA, 2003). In the space in classroom according to SCHIMIDT (2002) he is that professors and pupils stop strike, where the professor he becomes the explicit historical knowledge and he takes the possibility of guide of knowing and at the same time open to the problems and opinions to them of its pupils. He is in the lesson that the professor by means of the knowledge that he possesss, can offer to the pupils the appropriation of knowing existing descriptions to them through activities. The classroom is not only one space of transmission of information, but yes of relation of the interlocutors who construct sensible. To teach is not only to transfer knowledge, but to give to the pupils the possibility to construct such knowledge. (FREIRE, 1996).

The professor brings the contents, however it is not enough that they are only these taught exactly that taught well. It must have the connection with the reality lived social human being and. It is necessary that the pupils if recognize in the ideas and attitudes that the professor showed to them. (CAPORALINI, 1991). In accordance with PINSKY, the professor do not have to be abided only by the ways of production oppression, even so basic: ' ' but it must even so show that thanks to the culture of us men, members of the society we have had talent stops dressing in them more adequately than the bears, constructing to better houses that the Joo-of-adobe, to fight with more efficiency the tiger, to each one of us human beings, has come to the world unprovided of for and thick diligent peaks or claws poderosas.' ' (PINSKY, 2005 p.20).