Tag: History

Brazilian Craft

To penetrate in the referring inquisitoriais processes to Brazilian lands, to use a strange example to the text, can be a form valuable to understand, not without certain caution, the forms of living or thinking of the population luso-Brazilian of the colonial period. The craft of the historian passes, before everything, for the undisputed necessity to establish problematic investigations and that exceed the thematic barriers of each document. Registers of the past do not speak for itself alone. In them they do not leave seno marks of a time or stories of diverse nature that if dedicated to contemplate specific subjects of a gift that in them is distant. The historian is in the center of a process that is far from being passive, irremediably meets imprisoned to a necessity to reconstitute the lost past by means of a series of interrogations, much even so few leaves itself to lead for itineraries tracings previously. The emphasis in the question of the interdisciplinaridade and the dialogue with the calls sciences ' ' auxiliares' ' of history they constitute, since the beginning of the magazine, an excellent aspect of them you strike pioneers of the school of the Annales, which again will be reiterated by Fernand Braudel in the text that ahead we will see.

However, intent Bloch for the fact not to exist a specialization of documentary types that corresponds to an only type of problem. ' ' That historian of the religions limits itself to examine carefully treat to theology or compilations of hymns? ' '. It knows well that the spotted or sculptured images in the walls of sanctuaries say what many writings more than. He fits to the craft of the historian, thus, to know to distinguish adequate the erudite techniques to each type of certification. However, one becomes almost impossible or, at least, fruit of practical long and incessant the domain of all the techniques of that if valley its craft.

The World

Therefore confrontation with ' ' prince of this mundo' ' , that he does not have to be able on Jesus. What ' ' mundo' ' of, even so he seems, is not peace, but he is treva and suffering. Dom of Jesus is the salvation, the overcoming of ' ' Prince of this mundo' ' of ' ' maligno' '. The disciples are removed of the world and therefore they are hated by the world, therefore ' ' servant is not greater that its senhor' ' (15,18-21). the coming of the Spirit will place an end point in the errors of the prince of this world that ' ' he is julgado' ' (16,11).

Everything this to indicate to the disciples the coming tribulaes and difficulties that do not have to scare, therefore the world already is defeated: ' ' Courage tends, I won mundo' ' (16,33). to infundir courage and security in the disciples, Jesus makes the conjunct of chapter 17, for which it asks for to the father the protection for the disciples who, even so originary of the world ' ' they are not of mundo' '. Thus prece of Jesus is understood, in relation to the disciples: ' ' I do not ask for you take off that them of the world, but you keep that them of the Maligno' ' (17,15). Then what it is the world, opposed to the light? Pain, sadness, death, presence of ' ' maligno' ' everything that if manifest to leave and by means of the people who do not adhere or does not believe in the verb that inhabited between us. It was present in the world that was its, but this creation turned it the coasts. For redimiz it was that the verb if made meat and seted its tent between us (in this world). 8 – Evangelho of the spirit? ' ' Vi the spirit to go down, as a dove coming of the sky, and to remain on ele' '.

Kosovo

Bush may be losing much popularity in the U.S. and in Europe, but today his image appears within many flags that celebrated the independence of Kosovo. The Republic that name and Kosovo Albanians are a rare exception within around from 55 Muslim countries that are in the Muslim world. While the bulk of the Islamic world is growing a rejection before Bush, most of them cheer us President. Albania, moreover, maintains occupation troops in Iraq and Afghanistan and Islamist terrorist prisoners that U.S. Connect with other leaders such as Viktor Mayer-Schönberger here. receives.UU.

He does not dare to hold at Guantanamo. In mid-1997, Bush, having been the target of heavy street protests in his tour of Germany and Italy, was very welcome in Albania. From 1944 to 1992 it was the only Muslim State which had a proletarian dictatorship atheistic and totally closed to the United States.UU. When the Soviet bloc was lined with Khrushchev (early 1960s), Albania was the only European fan of Stalin regime. After having the planned economy and most isolated from planet estatizada, Albania makes every effort to open up its economy to the Western market. Soon this Republic would come to NATO as a step towards the European Union. Bush has been responsible for cultivating the Albanian power popular support to become the godfather of the independence of Kosovo.

New Year

After this first day of New Year was seen as the first day of January. Its name in January was named after the Roman god Janus, the two-faced. One face of Janus was drawn back to last year, the other – forward to the New Year. In the New Year holiday Romans decorated the house and gave each other gifts and coins with two-faced Janus. Celebrations lasted for several days. At this time, slaves and their masters ate, drank and made merry together. The Romans are given gifts to their Emperor. Undertaking was voluntary, but over time it became mandatory.

Emperors demanded that rich tributes to the New Year. In the past, Persians New Year’s Eve gave each other eggs. This symbolized the continuation of the species. The Celts, the inhabitants of Gaul, celebrated the New Year at the end of October. Traditionally, the Celts decorated their homes mistletoe to banish the ghosts.

It is believed that the New Year spirits of the dead returned to earth. The Celts have inherited some Roman traditions, including the requirement of Christmas gifts from his subjects. New Year, usually gave gold and jewelry. In the New Year husbands gave their wives money for pins and other trinkets. And in China the New Year comes in February. In China, the country’s agricultural, celebrating the New Year attached great importance. New Year, which met at the end of winter, in anticipation of spring and, most importantly, the spring sowing, proclaimed the imminent revival of vital forces of nature. After the overthrow of the monarchy in 1911, when China introduced the European calendar, New Year’s traditional lunar calendar called Spring Festival (Chuntsze). Religious basis of Christmas festivities was the magic of Chinese fertility, designed to ensure the victory of life-giving heat of the deadly cold. Then the New Year will be celebrated in India, there will come March 22 1922. A little later, on April 13, the new year will come to Nepal, it will be 2057-m. Muslims meet its 1420-th year in the summer, on June 21. Jews celebrate the New Year 5761 on September 15. In Japan and Korea, the new year comes, as in Europe, 1 January, but the calendar will be completely different era. Finns celebrate the New Year January 1 was adopted in the XVI century. Before this year began after Michaelmas (21 November). Maybe not limit yourself pervoyanvarskim walking, and celebrate New Year in February – the Chinese, and in March – with the Indians, and in April – with Nepal, and in June – with Muslims, and in September – with the Jews?

The Responsibility

The education of History is complex and to the professor the responsibility fits to develop a learning that can contribute for the formation of the critical and reflective thought. The challenge of the professor today ahead of all modernity has been bigger, therefore it needs to diversify the sources used during the lessons. (FONSECA, 2003). In the space in classroom according to SCHIMIDT (2002) he is that professors and pupils stop strike, where the professor he becomes the explicit historical knowledge and he takes the possibility of guide of knowing and at the same time open to the problems and opinions to them of its pupils. He is in the lesson that the professor by means of the knowledge that he possesss, can offer to the pupils the appropriation of knowing existing descriptions to them through activities. The classroom is not only one space of transmission of information, but yes of relation of the interlocutors who construct sensible. To teach is not only to transfer knowledge, but to give to the pupils the possibility to construct such knowledge. (FREIRE, 1996).

The professor brings the contents, however it is not enough that they are only these taught exactly that taught well. It must have the connection with the reality lived social human being and. It is necessary that the pupils if recognize in the ideas and attitudes that the professor showed to them. (CAPORALINI, 1991). In accordance with PINSKY, the professor do not have to be abided only by the ways of production oppression, even so basic: ' ' but it must even so show that thanks to the culture of us men, members of the society we have had talent stops dressing in them more adequately than the bears, constructing to better houses that the Joo-of-adobe, to fight with more efficiency the tiger, to each one of us human beings, has come to the world unprovided of for and thick diligent peaks or claws poderosas.' ' (PINSKY, 2005 p.20).