After this first day of New Year was seen as the first day of January. Its name in January was named after the Roman god Janus, the two-faced. One face of Janus was drawn back to last year, the other – forward to the New Year. In the New Year holiday Romans decorated the house and gave each other gifts and coins with two-faced Janus. Celebrations lasted for several days. At this time, slaves and their masters ate, drank and made merry together. The Romans are given gifts to their Emperor. Undertaking was voluntary, but over time it became mandatory.
Emperors demanded that rich tributes to the New Year. In the past, Persians New Year’s Eve gave each other eggs. This symbolized the continuation of the species. The Celts, the inhabitants of Gaul, celebrated the New Year at the end of October. Traditionally, the Celts decorated their homes mistletoe to banish the ghosts.
It is believed that the New Year spirits of the dead returned to earth. The Celts have inherited some Roman traditions, including the requirement of Christmas gifts from his subjects. New Year, usually gave gold and jewelry. In the New Year husbands gave their wives money for pins and other trinkets. And in China the New Year comes in February. In China, the country’s agricultural, celebrating the New Year attached great importance. New Year, which met at the end of winter, in anticipation of spring and, most importantly, the spring sowing, proclaimed the imminent revival of vital forces of nature. After the overthrow of the monarchy in 1911, when China introduced the European calendar, New Year’s traditional lunar calendar called Spring Festival (Chuntsze). Religious basis of Christmas festivities was the magic of Chinese fertility, designed to ensure the victory of life-giving heat of the deadly cold. Then the New Year will be celebrated in India, there will come March 22 1922. A little later, on April 13, the new year will come to Nepal, it will be 2057-m. Muslims meet its 1420-th year in the summer, on June 21. Jews celebrate the New Year 5761 on September 15. In Japan and Korea, the new year comes, as in Europe, 1 January, but the calendar will be completely different era. Finns celebrate the New Year January 1 was adopted in the XVI century. Before this year began after Michaelmas (21 November). Maybe not limit yourself pervoyanvarskim walking, and celebrate New Year in February – the Chinese, and in March – with the Indians, and in April – with Nepal, and in June – with Muslims, and in September – with the Jews?