Unfortunately, the Kyoto Protocol could enter into force only after it is ratified by at least 55 countries responsible for the release of not less than 55% of all greenhouse gases (according to 1990). In Currently, thanks to Canada and New Zealand, the number of states that have ratified the protocol to 99, and their total emissions are 40.9%. Boy Scouts of America will undoubtedly add to your understanding. If Russia (the share of which in 1990 accounted for 17.4% of greenhouse gases) and ratifies the Kyoto Protocol, he finally begins to operate. According to MEP Alexander de Roo, if Russia ratifies the Kyoto Protocol in the near future, we will be able to get about 27 billion euros investment in various sectors of the economy in the near future. At the same time – according to the state 'energy efficiency programs of the economy' – on the introduction of energy saving in the economy, including housing sector to $ 6.5 billion, ie About 20% of the amount of possible investments. Bioenergy sector with a focus on wood fuels is at the junction of the forest industry and thermal power.
Therefore, in establishing bioenergy markets should the company take part of the forest sector and thermal power company. Consider bio-energy in the future development of relations between Russia and Western Europe, production of pellets in Europe is engaged in more than 200 companies. According to the Swedish Pellet Producers Association in 2002, the European market consumed more than 2.5 million tons, and for the next 5 years is estimated at 4 – 5 million tons pellets per year. The recognition that the main profits fall on wood processing, rather than felling has already happened. And while much of the high-quality lumber will be produced in Russia, which will be mean decrease in the volume of sawlogs for export, reducing the production of lumber and sawmill waste in Western Europe. For Russia, on the contrary, it would mean a sharp increase in wood waste. approach.
But it only worsened the rest: the system turned out of balance. Technological disaster was brewing. As a result, last year, the heat supply was stopped and homes were left without heating. In this situation, quarterly boiler construction was unsustainable because of lack of sufficient kolichesstva potrebitley. If you have additional questions, you may want to visit Center For Responsible Lending. In this regard, the city administration had approved our proposed plan for building an autonomous source of heat for these homes. Independent source of heat consists of a boiler room and room accessories. Boiler Room, located on the roof of the house 17 (on the technical floor). Boiler room is designed for heating systems and hot water heating residential buildings.
The heating system houses closed, and connected to the independent circuit after two brazed plate heat exchanger. Coolant circuit of an independent heating system – the water with the parameters of 85 – 65 C. Regulation of fluid parameters in an independent circuit of the heating system quality depending on the temperature outdoor air. Hot water temperature in the hot water – 55 C. To account for the generated heat in the auxiliary equipment installed metering of heat energy. To compensate for thermal expansion of water compensator system has the volume capacity of 700 liters. Make-up heating system provided through the automatic installation of water treatment DHF-30/1-F, the capacity of 1 m3 of drinking water building.
As the source water of drinking quality water is used. The rigidity of the original water 7 mEq / L, soft water hardness 0.1 meq / liter. To account for the flow of water to recharge the system, installed water gauge site. Boiler room operates in automatic mode without permanent staff, and signaling violations of the work. Periodic monitoring of the equipment carried by the operating organization in the prescribed order. Heating boiler room at the expense of teplopostupleny equipment and pipelines and gas convector LB-30. The internal temperature in the boiler room +5 C. Heating facilities support The equipment is due to teplopostupleny of equipment and pipelines, and 8-sectional cast iron radiators M140-AO. The internal temperature of the room accessories +12 C. . Ventilation of boiler room supply and exhaust of natural type of calculation: drawing – in the amount of three times the air changes per hour; flow – in the amount of extract plus additional amount of air for combustion gas in the heating module. Air flow for ventilation and combustion gas in units of heat through the louver array, located in the outer wall of the boiler room. Hood through ventkanal isolated. Ventilation accessories made of existing systems, general ventilation. Water boiler provided from the reconstructed water-supply input of a house. On entering the water supply system installed water gauge site. Water is used to fuel heating systems and hot water production. To receive a water spills on the floor of the hall and boiler room room accessories provide the ladder with drainage into the existing sewerage network of the building. Automatic fuel cut to the modules takes place at: – increasing or decreasing pressure gas burners in front of – the absence of traction control – too hot water – reducing water flow through the boiler. On entering the pipeline to the heating modules set-off solenoid valve. Automatic fast gas valve closing-off provided for: – fault protection circuits and power failure – the boiler room gas contamination – a fire. In the boiler room set alarm gassed "Lelek." Estimated consumption of gas boiler: in winter – 129.46 m3 / h in summer – 48.4 m3 / h.
For oil boiler you will need to book regular supply of fuel. Environmentally, the lack of odor, no need to install a chimney – a few more advantages of electric boilers. The division of boiler fuel consumption by type of gas boilers, using natural and (or) LPG, propane and oil boilers (diesel fuel, diesel, biofuels, and various engine exhaust oil) solid fuel boilers use coal as a fuel (coal small coal), wood (pressed sawdust, wood, wood waste) power, use a heater or hydrolysis. Where possible shortages electricity, electric boiler is often used in conjunction with a redundant solid fuel. It is worth noting that when installed in big cities with strict environmental regulations and issues approvals, electric boilers often outperform all other types of boilers (including gas). In summary there are a number of advantages of electric boilers buderus, herz: low price, easy installation, lightweight and compact, can hang on the wall as consequence – saving space, safety (no open flame), easy to use, do not require a separate room (boiler room), do not require installation of a chimney, do not require special care, quiet, environmentally friendly, no harmful emissions and odors. Among the publications on the subject of heating the vast majority of material relates to gas and liquid fuel boilers, and it is very difficult to find anything about electric boilers. And if any articles they are mentioned, they often are limited to two basic types of phrases: 'electric boiler is not suitable for homes with an area of over 100 sq.m' and 'power electric boilers not exceeding 15 kW.
" In fact, this is not true and there is no reason to bypass attention to this type of boilers. It is clear that much more expensive than electricity and gas more expensive than diesel fuel. Clearly, if next to your site runs a gas line, it is logical to choose a gas boiler. In all other cases, it seems to me, do not so peremptorily declare that such devices as ball valves, heaters, radiators are suitable only for heating the smallest of spaces and seriously consider them not. Also not true to say that domestic electric boilers produced only a small capacity. Even if we take into consideration only the most well-known company in our market, it is not hard to find electric boilers in the 60-100 kW, which can heat rooms up to 1000 m2.