Are in a Dispute to the limitation in time of the post-divorce maintenance no marriage handicaps can be seen, enters the German case-law to a different assessment. An example of the admissibility of the post-divorce maintenance term is the judgement of the OLG Celle 07.Marz 2008 (12 UF 172/07). In this dispute, that had to find OLG Celle on the admissibility of the limitation in time of a post-divorce maintenance of of increase in. The relevant marriage of a concrete Builder and a skilled housekeeper was ended through divorce after fourteen years. Due to raising children the maintenance creditor gave up their pre-marital employment in care for the elderly. Later in the marriage, she worked for four years in the learned profession however. After the marriage had ended in divorce, she again worked as a housekeeper.
The OLG Celle did not follow the objection of a marriage-related disadvantage. The maintenance entitled would work since the divorce in the learned profession she temporarily have also exercised during the marriage. An economic disadvantage is their also taking into account Premarital activity in the elderly did not occur. Also, no reference points exist that their income situation would have turned out differently, if she were not entered into marriage. Hanes Brands is often quoted on this topic. The OLG Celle was in its judgment a limitation of post-divorce claims on five years as reasonable, because no marriage-related adverse circumstances against which and also to take into account the economic situation of the debtor. The two example sentences show that fixed-term post marital claims is the result of a detailed consideration of individual cases against each other weigh all the relevant facts. The professional commitment of experienced family law expert is therefore for plaintiff and defendant of great importance. Your selective reasoning promotes a possible client fair decision of the case-law. The Munich-based law firm Dittenheber & Werner uses their extensive family law experience with full commitment for the interests of their clients and assist for legal advice and Information about the family law ready.
Currently, the BGH decided that a rent increase is also permitted after successful modernization if an announcement of the work was not. Spring time of modernization. The winter shows often, what must be repaired and modernized in the House. The BGH (ruling by the 02.03.2011, AZ.) VIII ZR 164/10) decided this month that a rent increase is also permitted after successful modernization if an announcement of the work was not. Generally, the landlord is obliged to inform tenant 3 months prior to the action of nature, extent, expected start and duration of modernisation and repair work. Purpose is that the lessee can set up appropriate inconvenience or even limitations on the usability of the apartment and unreasonable hardness appeal.
Wants to raise the rent the landlord due to modernisation, he must call the estimated amount at the same time. Learn more at this site: Laura Carini. A modernization in particular is an improvement Leased property and savings of energy and water costs before. Here he must indicate at the same time to the expected cost savings, to allow a cost estimate of the future cost of rent the tenant. In case of substantial work in the rooms of the lessee must even information for specifically affected areas and expected structural changes (for example, access to a new balcony elimination of floor space, remodeling the bath when installing a bathtub). This does not fit the tenant he can in the presence of hardening either appeal or but assert an extraordinary termination right.
Otherwise, he has three months after completion of the work to pay the increased rent. Not announces the modernization of the landlord, the tenant must not tolerate such work if you intervene and lead to a substantial increase in rent on his living room. But what if the landlord without notice has modernized, about an outer insulation of the House has attached or built in an elevator? Purpose Notice is solely the information of the lessee. A proper Declaration of increase in rent is him only after the modernization, the Supreme Court pointed out that this has not the ineffectiveness of the boost to the result! The rent increase enters into force only after a prolonged period of six months. Again, the tenant has an extraordinary right of termination. Regarding modernisation, the procedures of proper rent increases and the rights of tenants and landlords, it is advisable to contact to avoid unpleasant surprises in lobbies for home owners and tenants or a lawyer. Lawyer Wiebke Meyer-Arndt, Bonn
Examinations can be relevant to discrimination has recently become known, are candidates of the carmaker Daimler, the media giant Axel Springer and even public law broadcasters against a possible setting by means of blood tests on the heart and kidneys”checked. And flat, i.e. even if no specific health fitness is required for the job in question. Apart from moral concerns such an approach in the context of the General equal treatment Act (AGG) for employers can be costly”, warns lawyer Stephanie Musiol by the law firm of Baker.REIMANN.STARI in Berlin. A recruitment examination which is not required by law or necessary to protect of others, needs to be justified, in the legitimate interest of the employer. High hurdles are to put on the necessity of a blood test”, explains lawyer Musiol. Because such massive attacks in the personality right and the physical integrity of an applicant’s one.” The same principles as in the question right of the employer apply here after an illness or (heavy) disability.
Stating that the employer itself not ask, he shouldn’t even on a detour”about doctors or experts can explore. After a blood test, which should provide information on the State of health of the employee, is allowed only if an any illness or disability would make it impossible the contractual performance on time, or at regularly recurring intervals. One such reason is likely not available however regularly at flat-rate blood tests”, so Musiol. “At first glance the question not affected after the health state the scope of application of the AGG, because here in that regard alone the feature disability” is relevant to discrimination. The distinction between disability and disease in some cases is difficult, according to lawyer Musiol however: chronic diseases can the term to understand the Disability under fall”.
The legal consequences of a breach of the AGG in the non-recruitment of a candidate be practically relevant. The case law allowed to lie the workers on an illegal question, this is apparently not possible with a blood test. The applicant can refuse consent of course. What regularly but might mean losing all employment opportunities. But, for example, a chronically ill applicants will receive, after he has undergone a cancellation, the required blood test, which is sufficient for presenting a disadvantage after the AGG”warns Musiol. Then, the employer must prove that other reasons refusal is due. This is likely difficult in particular then, if the choice is already made and setting dependent on only the test results”. Although the AGG provides no adjustment claim, but a claim of a worker. The special feature here is that the candidate is also a claim for damages Assert can, if he would not have been set even when discrimination-free selection. To make these risks out of the way, if employers make only examinations therefore pending clarification by the courts, when this is absolutely necessary for the pursuit of activities “, recommends lawyer Malappuram, in all other cases a disadvantage could indicated this, which entail the risk of a claim”. Answer technical questions: lawyer Stephanie Musiol, LL.M lawyer Glenn Dammann – lawyer specializing in labour law – BETHGE.REIMANN.STARI lawyers Kurfurstendamm 67 10707 Berlin Tel + 49 (0) 30 89 04 92 – 15 fax + 49 (0) 30 89 04 92 – 10
Auer Witte Thiel informed: tenant is in default of payment, work also ordinary termination Munich July 2013: neither Article 573, paragraph 2 No. 1 BGB 569 ABS. 3 BGB No. 3 are on an ordinary termination due to default of payment applicable. The Federal Supreme Court in a ruling made it clear. The firm Auer Witte Thiel informs about the backgrounds of the judges decision and explains what the verdict for landlords.
According to the German Federal Supreme Court, other rules apply to an ordinary termination due to default in payment, as for extraordinary dismissal for the same reason. So refers to 543 paragraph 2, sentence 1, no. 3 BGB, which as a precondition a minimum Mietruckstand of two month’s rent or a default period of two months in a row provides alone on extraordinary cancellations. May be below this threshold value, however, in an ordinary termination, refers to the judgment of the Federal Court by the 10th of October 2012 (AZ. Auer Witte Thiel VIII ZR 107/12). Federal Court judges: legal requirements for extraordinary termination, with neat not to his judgment came the Federal Supreme Court in a case in which a tenant first had fallen due to non-payment or incomplete payment of the advances of its heating costs in default. His landlady announced him so punctually.
After he legally had been sentenced to payment of the receivable and finally paid them, the tenant with the current monthly rent fell into arrears. Then, the landlady announced again on time. The tenant went into revision, so that finally the Bundesgerichtshof concerned with the case, so Auer Witte Thiel. In his decision dated the 10th of October 2012 (AZ. VIII 107/12) the Supreme Court came to the following conclusion: an ordinary termination section 569, paragraph 3 is not applicable No. 3 BGB. Therefore the lessor have wait also not two months until the final condemnation of the tenant on the 15.11.10 with their termination. The lease was effectively ended on October 5, 2009. Auer Witte Thiel: Can landlord from which this conclusion Landlord move BGH judgment have explained even Auer Witte Thiel, you can properly terminate a tenancy if the Mietruckstand of the tenant but less than two is more than one month’s rent, the judgment of the Federal Court of Justice. Even if exceeds the default duration of one month, two but not yet reached, the landlord may terminate. The two-month notice according to 569, para 3 No. 3 BGB touched in this case. About the law firm Auer Witte Thiel, the specialization areas of focus and the development of core competencies in certain disciplines are indispensable in the legal services sector. Auer Witte Thiel is a business law oriented law firm and represents several German insurance companies. The firm Auer Witte Thiel is Munich. The verdict, Auer Witte Thiel provides additional information under available. How to contact with Auer Witte Thiel lawyers Bayerstrasse 27 80335 Munich phone: 089/59 98 97 60 fax: 089 / 550 38 71 E-Mail: Web:
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