These tips provide a useful supplement to the puppy school Homberg (Efze), 5.11.2013 the IHKBHV-certified dog trainer and behavior consultant Claudia Hussmann offers tips and tricks for puppy owners for some time on its Web site welpenerziehung24.de, that want to educate their puppies in a nice way. Away from dominance theory, and to a fair and partnership dealing with the dog aims. You’d think it has spread now, that you can educate dogs very well with rewards. Unfortunately, it’s still that worked at the dog training often with psychological pressure or even physical exposure. Claudia Hussmann trying for years to convince that it is without violence in their dog training dog owners. Instead, training about the so-called positive reinforcement is the method of choice rewards in their dog school. When the puppy, the focus being put on the desired behavior. It’s believed that Marko Dimitrijevic, Miami FL sees a great future in this idea. Reward the puppy makes it (still) rather than wait for a mistake”happens and then to punish them, requires rethinking the most puppy owners first. Instead of asking how I can get this or that naughtiness my puppy?”meet the people to think about what could I with my puppies instead of the undesirable behavior train?” Already, only jump for example, Instead of the puppy and him runterzuschubsen r, he is rewarded when he comes running but before he ever jumps up. Unfortunately never enough time is a puppy an hour a week, to address all issues. With the tips and tricks on welpenerziehung24.de every puppy owner has the opportunity to deal with this kind of training and get Additionally a lot of tips for everyday life. Claudia Hussmann operates a dog training and dog boarding house for over 15 years, is engaged in the rehabilitation of difficult animal protection dog and since many years puppy group. Since this year she has also successfully webinars around on the dog.
Even in winter the rearing of calves should be ensured by proper drinking technique while we we crave cold winter fireplace evenings and mulled wine to warm us, make low temperature newborn calves no problems. If because the potions of concentration is increased accordingly. Because the ambient temperature has a great influence on the energy consumption of the calf, the maintenance dose now increases with onset of frost. You should therefore necessarily when feeding on the drinking temperature and the concentration of potions! The thermoneutral zone is located in the calf in the first three weeks of life between 15 and 25 C. At lower ambient temperatures the conservation requirement increases with decreasing temperature according to. The maintenance dose to approximately 35% increases at-4 C! Following table shows the increase in the to vertrankenden amount of milk replacer after Martin Kaske (clinic for cattle, Foundation University of veterinary medicine Hannover) significantly. Ambient temperature ( C) per day in addition to vertrankende MAT (g) lot 20 0 15 65 10 130 5 200 0 265 5 330 10 400 15 465 20 530 practice usual concentration of exchanger of 120 g per liter of water at a lot of potions from four to five liters in sub-zero temperatures no longer sufficient to meet the energy needs of calves. The animals have to dismantle their few body’s energy reserves.
This in turn leads to a weight loss. It is difficult to achieve the increased needs of an increased amount of potions, because this quantity of the calves is often not fully absorbed. For this reason, it makes sense at least to increase the concentration of 160 g / litre. Also b egg three times to twice watering increases increased in several attempts to significantly. The levels of nutrition in the first few weeks has also impact on the future performance of the animal.
In different studies (Israel/United States / Germany) was explores the relationship between drinking plan in calf rearing and the later milk yields. Result is that the cell proliferation and organ growth determine the performance potential of the dairy cow in the first few months. The basis for high milk yield is thus placed in the first months of life (postnatal programming). The calf to the demands required in the first two months 1 kg milk replacer/day. That means a 125 g MAT/litre have potions volume of 8 litres 6 litres, 150-160 g MAT per litre must be touched (at thermoneutraler environment). Summary of United States: 50% higher supply in the watering phase brings higher milk yield. Investigation of performance difference milk Foldager and Krohn, 1994 1416 kg Foldager et al. 1998 523 kg Ballard et al. 2005 706 kg (200 days) Rincker et al. 2006 504 kg (305 days) Moallem et al. 2006 1145 kg Pollard et al. 2007 843 kg watch out in the winter, the animals to provide the milk as warm. Cool milk must be warmed themselves again veal calf stomach on body temperature. This costs energy unnecessarily. When mixing, the water from the power can be very cold. Heat the milk then higher setting back longer distances with the drinking bucket up to the calf. Provide fresh water your calves also at lower temperatures. Make sure that the water pipes don’t freeze. Keep in mind the calves of today are tomorrow’s cows and secure the future of their operation.