In 2020, less than 2 percent of! the world’s workers will be employed in factories!. In Argentina, for example only neo-liberal Latin American, the unemployment rate not exceeded 4%, in 1985. Between 1985 and 1992, it varied between 6% and 10%, to climb up, between 1993 and 1994, to a maximum of 15%. Since then, unemployment has systematically exceeded 15%. Unemployment grew 60 percent between 1990 and 1994, while gross domestic product grew at a rate of 7.7% a year! The high cost of employment nor seems to have greater incidence, since poverty levels soared in the developed world where the average minimum wage is $ 1,000! On the other hand, greater flexibility of labour market or employment law would not produce but cheaper lay-offs and compensation for accident reduction of employer contributions to social welfare, massive lay-offs of public employees and privatized companies, systematic wage reduction, days lengthening and intensification of rhythms of work, lifting the age retirement, massification of employment contracts ‘ (without payment of severance pay), conversion of workers with dependency ratio in autonomous providers of services to the same companies and, finally, more of that unbridled capitalism we are hating, with its natural aftermath of much more unemployment. In summary, the causes of unemployment, are inscribed in the own tenets of our system of production and market. All consequential inequality do not affect cold figures as listed, but men and women of flesh and blood, those who, as said Noemi Sanin, is impossible to classify, looking at eyes, between unemployed cyclical or structural. The solution to this problem must also be human, necessarily passing through the improvement of the educational investment (another had been our luck if we had invested in this decade at least 4.5% of GDP in education), by the drastic reduction of bank interest (very important component of production costs), for the reduction of inflation, by the reduction of the workday and, not frightens us say so, the democratisation of the system gain margins.