Advance health care proxy with support available opportunities of interest for the case that patients can not regulate their affairs – in particular in the medical field -. The patient is a free-form intent of mentally competent person. It is individually, in writing, prepared may also verbally for future treatment, if the own consent incapacity occurs. The type and extent of medical treatment are specified in different situations. It is not always the doctor, to the as an advance directive is addressed.
It may be someone else that constantly participates in the treatment and care. The advance directive contains an expressed will. He must be observed. Patients can provide for the cases of business or inability to consent, which arise as a result of age or disease, in their own personal affairs. There are several Options: advance directive, but also health care proxy or service available. The advance is also called patient Testament.
The patient manifests himself to his wishes, medical treatment or no treatment, perhaps limiting the treatment affect. Most of the time thinking an advance directive in the face of a favored disease. Often, the person is already in the last phase of life. The legislator has decided on 06 18th, 2009: an advance directive is binding. The doctor agrees to follow the writing written will. With the advance directive, you can explicitly set what must be for medical treatment for artificial nutrition, pain relief and life support if you maybe not can decide this by accident, by particularly serious disease. Now, the following applies: performed a medical treatment against the wishes of a patient, so it is a bodily injury, and it is unlawful. Thus, doctors make punishable by law. This whole theory with the patient Testament sounds simple, but it is anything but straightforward. The implementation is very difficult in reality. One wonders again, so a scope of a specific advance directive must be how far: the decision so just in there provided some emergency turns out? Or for any similar emergencies? Now only the known methods of treatment are taken into account, or the new? It may also lead to that the prognosis for this particular disease have significantly improved since writing a living will. What makes one then what about the doctor? So there are still many questions that need to be answered. This is the task of the Supreme Court in the next few years. There must be no vacancies in a living will, everything should be clarified. As I said, one thing is clear throughout: a living will, the effective was built and tailored to a specific case, is mandatory for physicians. Anders decided can only in the case if the consent capacity has been wanting a patient when composing his advance; It can also happen that the enacting terms in hindsight again would like to move away from his statements. It must be visible to outsiders. An advance directive served her purpose, if she should be recognized as binding. It gives the doctor at least one policy. Who is patient will then, so to speak, a handicap for the family and especially for the supervisor, it is essential. The supervisor be ordered exactly, that she would so decide, as the patient decide if he still could. On the basis of an advance directive, it will be easy for the Manager to act in the spirit of the patient.